BEFORE YOU GO
For information on passport and visa requirements as well as the Schengen area regulations, please view the website of the Icelandic Directorate of Immigration
BUSINESS/SHOPPING/BANKING HOURS
Office hours are generally 09:00-17:00 and 08:00-16:00 during June, July and August. Shopping hours are Mon-Fri 09:00-18:00, Sat from 10:00 to 13:00/14:00/15:00 or 16:00. Some supermarkets are open to 23:00 seven days a week. Banking hours are Mon-Fri 09:15-16:00.
CURRENCY EXCHANGE
The Icelandic monetary unitis the "króna." Coins are in denominations of 100 kr., 50 kr., 10kr., 5 kr. and 1 kr. Bank notes are in denominations of 5000 kr., 2000 kr.,1000 kr., and 500 kr. All Icelandic banks provide foreign exchange and are generally open on weekdays from 09:15 to 16:00. Central Bank of Iceland - Exchange rate
TRAVELLERS' CHEQUES, DEBIT and CREDIT CARDS
Are widely accepted in Iceland. The major cards in Iceland are EUROPAY/MASTERCARD and VISA. Cash can be obtained at every bank branch (over 170) as well as in all ATMs throughout the country. Please note that there might be a difference between the official currency exchange rate in Iceland and the exchange rate that the credit card companies do charge.
SHOPPING
The shops inIceland are of international standard, and carry a wide variety ofmerchandise. Local specialities are woollen knitwear (for example sweaters, cardigans, hats and mittens), handmade ceramics, glassware and silver jewellery. Also available is a great variety of high-quality seafood.
TAX-FREE SHOPPING
A refund of local Value-Added Tax (VAT) is available to all visitors in Iceland.The refund will result in a reduction of up to 15% of the retail price, provided departure from Iceland is within 3 months after the date of purchase. The purchase amount must be no less than ISK 4,000 (VAT included) per store.All goods (except woollens) need to be shown at customs before check-in.At Keflavík airport this applies only to tax-free forms whose refund value exceeds ISK 5,000.All other forms can be refunded directly in cash at Landsbanki Íslands in the departure hall.
POST OFFICES
There are post offices located in all major communities in Iceland. General hours are: Mon-Fri 09:00-16:30. Many post offices in Reykjavik are alos open during the weekends. Information on opening hours can bee found through http://www.postur.is/english/index.html
TELEPHONES
Direct calls can be made to all parts of Iceland.The code into Iceland from overseas is +354 + seven-digit number. Direct long-distance calls can be made to Europe and the USA by dialling 00 plus the country code, and the telephone number you wish to reach.
MOBILE PHONES
GSM: There are fourGSM operators in Iceland: Siminn, Nova, Tal and Vodafone. Together they cover most of Iceland including all towns and villages with over 200 inhabitants. These telephone companies both sell pre-paid GSM phone cards and offer GSM/GPRS services. Pre-paid cards are available at petrol stations around the country. GSM phones may be rented from Iceland Telecom, Ármúli 27, Reykjavík.
CLIMATE
Thanks to the Gulf Stream, Iceland enjoys a cool temperate ocean climate: cool in summer and fairly mild in winter. However, the weather is very changeable and tourists should be prepared for the unexpected. 2008 Temperature Averages in Celsius (Centigrade).
            Reykjavík  Akureyri
Jan.     -0,2            -1,5
Feb.     -0,2            -0,4
Mar.      0,8            -1,4
April      3,9             1,4
May      8,6              8,0
June    10,6             9,1
July     12,5           12,4
Aug.    11,5           11,5
Sep.    9,4               9,8
Oct.     2,8              1,2
Nov.    2,8              1,1
Dec.    1,1             -0,3
WEATHER/CLOTHING
For weather information in English, Tel.: 902-0600, extension 44, E-mail: office@vedur.is, www.vedur.is/english. When travelling in Iceland you should bring along lightweight woollens, a sweater or cardigan, a rainproof (weatherproof) coat and sturdy walking shoes. Travellers who are camping or heading into the interior will need warm underwear and socks, rubber boots and a warm sleeping bag.
MIDNIGHT SUN
During summer the nights are bright in all of Iceland. In the month of June the sun never fully sets in the north. There are even special excursions to the island of Grímsey on the Arctic Circle where you can experience the midnight sun. Keep in mind, however, that the sun at midnight is not as warm as at midday, so bring along a sweater. 

Daylight (sunrise/sunset )

 

  Reykjavík   Ísafjörður  Akureyri
 Jan. 1st   11:19 12:02 11:33
    15:43 15:10 14:59
Feb. 1st   10:10 10:31 10:07
  17:14 17:02 16:46
Mar. 1st   08:34 08:44 08:23
  18:48 18:47 18:28
Apr. 1st   06:44 06:45 06:26
  20:20 20:30 20:09
May 1st   04:58 04:47 04:31
  21:53 22:15 21:51
Jun. 1st   03:21 02.39 02:32
  23:32 00:26* 23:52
Jul. 1st   03:06 ------- 01:59
  23:56 01:21* 00:30*
Aug. 1st   04:35 04:18 04:03
  22:30 22:56 22:32
Sep. 1st   06:11 06:08 05:50
  20:42 20:54 20:33
Oct. 1st   07:37 07:44 07:23
  18:56 18:58 18:39
Nov. 1st   09:12 09:29 09:06
  17:10 17:02 16:45
Dec. 1st   10:46 11:21 10:54
  15:47 15:21 15:08

Times marked with an asterisk (*) refer to the following date.
Used with the kind permission of the Science Institute of the University of Iceland.

TIME
Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) throughout the year, and does not go on daylight saving time.
HEALTH / PHARMACIES / EMERGENCY / MEDICALHELP
Icelanders enjoy a healthy life, thanks to clean air and water and quality fish. Water is safe to drink throughout Iceland. Pharmacies are called "Apótek" and are open during normal business hours. Many are open at night. Reykjavík has a great many general practitioners, as well as specialists, many of whom will receive patients at short notice. There are also many Health Centres in Reykjavík, with officially appointed family doctors who receive patients at short notice during the day. For information tel.: +354-585-1300 or go to www.heilsugaeslan.is

MEDICAL HELP:
There is a medical centre or a hospital in all major cities and towns in Iceland. The emergency phone number (24 hours) in Iceland is 112. See also www.safetravel.is
HEALTH INSURANCE
Citizens of Scandinavia have to show passport in case of medical emergency. Citizens of EEA countries must have the E-111 form, otherwise the patient will be charged in full. Citizens of other countries must be charged in full. For further information contact:
State Social Security Institute
Laugavegur114 · IS-105 Reykjavík
Tel.: +354-560-4400 · +354-560-4520
Fax: +354-562-5053
Office hours 08:05-15:30
VACCINATIONS
Vaccinations are not required.
VISITORS WITH DISABILITIES
Visitors with disabilities can make travelling in Iceland fairly easy by planning their vacation in advance. They may also find it necessary to travel with a companion, for although there are many hotels and restaurants accessible to people with disabilities, they do not always provide full assistance. A number of hotels in Reykjavík and Akureyri have rooms specially designed for guests with disabilities. Larger department stores are generally accessible to wheelchair users. The coastal ferry Baldur is accessible to people with disabilities and so is the ferry Herjólfur. All airlines flying to and from Iceland are equipped to accommodate travellers with disabilities. A few domestic buses equipped for wheelchair users are available for special tours upon request. For accessible hotels and tourist attractions, see www.sjalfsbjorg.is
POLICE
Reykjavík police, for information only,Tel.:+354-569-9020. Emergency phonenumber in Iceland is 112. (24 hours).
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

Businesses, banks and most stores are closed on these holidays:

2010                                                         2011

Jan 1       New Year’s Day                      Jan 1

Apr 1       Maundy Thursday                   Apr 21

Apr 2       Good Friday                            Apr 22

Apr 4       Easter Sunday                        Apr 24

Apr 5       Easter Monday                        Apr 25

Apr 22     First Day of Summer               Apr 21

May 1      Labour Day                             May 1

May 13    Ascension Day                       June 2

May 23    Whit Sunday                           June 12

May 24     Whit Monday                          June 13

June 17   National Day                            June 17

Aug 2      Bank Holiday Monday              Aug 8

Dec 24    Christmas Eve (from noon)      Dec 24

Dec. 25   Christmas day                          Dec. 25

Dec. 26   Second Day of Christmas        Dec. 26

Dec. 31   New Years Eve (from noon)   Dec. 31

RELIGION
The established religion in Iceland is Lutheran.
LANGUAGE
Icelandic is a Teutonic language ofthe Nordic group. It is believed to have changed little from the original tongue spoken by the Norse settlers. English is widely spoken and understood. Icelandic has two letters of its own: Þ/þ pronounced like th in "thing" and Ð/ð pronounced like th in"them."
NEWS IN ENGLISH
A short news broadcast in English is made on State Radio, FM 93.5 and FM 92.4, every morning Mon-Fri at 07:31, from June 1st to Sept. 1st. A telephone recording of the broadcast can also be heard, Tel.: +354-515-3690.
TIPPING
Service and VAT are invariably included in prices in Iceland.
ELECTRIC CURRENT
The electric current in Iceland is 220volts, 50 HZ AC.
Europlug/Schuko-Plug (CEE types)